The north of Italy is the lapel of the Italian “boots”, the country of the Alps, a paradise for skiers and the most international region of the country, bordering Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and France. Here you can successfully combine skiing in the world famous Val d’Aosta or Dolomiti di Brenta with shopping in Milan, the canonical fun of San Remo and the melancholy charm of Venice.
If the basis of South Italian cuisine is pasta and olive oil, then the north is corn, rice and butter.
Italians themselves divide the north of the country into two large regions – the Northwest (provinces of Piedmont, Liguria, Lombardy and Val d’Aosta) and the Northeast (Emilia-Romagna, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Trentino-Alto Adige and Veneto) .
Northern Italy is not inferior in terms of economic development to the largest countries in Europe. Southern Italy is noticeably poorer and close to states such as Greece and Portugal.
Northern Italy includes the areas of Piedmont, Lombardy, Liguria, Valle d’Aosta, Friuli – Venice – Giulia, Trentino Alto Adige, Emilia Romagna and Venice. Northern Italy to the greatest extent possesses the features of a typical West European country – both in terms of its natural conditions, and in the level of economic development, and in historical and economic relations with neighboring and other European states. It has less “southern exoticism.”
Here the Alpine mountain system, the highest in Foreign Europe, and the Padan Lowland, the most extensive in Italy, coexist here. The harsh mountain peaks of the Alps, the steep slopes of which are covered with almost untouched mountain forests and deserted alpine meadows, rise literally a few tens of kilometers from the fertile, cultivated to the last shred, densely populated plain.
Among tourists traveling to Italy for shopping, there is a belief that the farther north, the more expensive things are, but the wider the range and higher quality.
Northern Italy is the main industrial region of the country, where more than half of all plants and factories and over 60% of those employed in industry are concentrated. For many centuries, the advantageous geographical position on the routes from Western and Central Europe to the East, a dense network of roads and the availability of convenient waterways, a favorable climate, fertile soil, significant hydropower resources, and a large population contributed to the faster economic and cultural development of Northern Italy compared to its southern and central regions.
Since the inception of industry in Italy, the North has always played the role of hegemon and even colonizer in relation to peninsular and island Italy.
Northern Italy was influenced by the Germanic people, and southern Italy was influenced by the Greeks and Arabs, but the local population successfully assimilated all the “newcomers” peoples, giving them their own language, culture and religion.
Northern Italy is a region of highly developed agriculture. The Padan plain is the real breadbasket of the country. Large farms in the lower river. More than half of all sugar beets produced in the country provide. The upper part of the Padan Lowland is the main rice-growing area in Italy. Northern Italy produces over 80% of the corn grown in the country. In the central part of the Padansky Plain, along the line of the exit of underground sources (fountains), highly developed livestock breeding appeared on artificially irrigated meadows. In the foothills of northern Italy, grapes and fodder crops are grown.
Representatives of the North and South can be violently at odds, believing they have nothing in common except the Italian language. In the north, it is believed that from Rome and lower on the map begins Africa with its wild orders. Southerners consider northerners cold, callous and closed.
Vineyards occupy especially large areas in Piedmont. Pretty high in the mountains – up to 750 m above sea level. seas rise orchards. Above – up to 1700 m above sea level Sea – livestock and grain cultivation are developed. However, in the entire alpine zone of northern Italy, one of the most important mountain tourism regions in the world, many peasants are switching from agricultural activities to serving tourists; often this occupation from the side becomes the main one.
The most complex and diverse industry is concentrated in the western part of the region, especially in its industrial core – the industrial triangle Milan – Turin – Genoa.