What to see in Italy?
Italy is a country of interest, inheriting amazing cultural, historical, architectural values. Italy is a country of medieval castles, stunning works of art, architectural and historical wonders.
The Leaning Tower of Pisa is a visiting card of the city of Pisa. It is part of the architectural ensemble in the Square of Miracles. It was originally built as a bell tower. She is famous for being tilted away from her axis. The deviation becomes more than 1 mm each year, and now it is already more than 5 m. But the tower is a rather strong structure, it even survived an earthquake and is now open for visitors. In addition to the unnatural slope, this attraction and the entire ensemble of buildings on the Square of Miracles is a world masterpiece of Italian medieval architecture.
Vesuvius is an active volcano on the shores of the Gulf of Naples, just 15 kilometers from the Italian city of Naples. Vesuvius is recognized as the most dangerous point on the planet. The last eruption was in 79 AD, then the Italian cities of Pompeii, Oplotnis, Herculaneum were wiped off the face of the earth. The population of Pompeii was about 20 thousand people. Many of them managed to leave the dangerous lands, according to rescuers, about 2 thousand inhabitants died. But the remains were found further than the city, so no one can tell the exact numbers. During the eruption, volcanic ash reached Egypt and Syria. Today, to enjoy the grandeur and power of nature, tourists can reach the top of the volcano via a hiking trail.
Milan Cathedral The heart of Milan is a large cathedral square in the center, which contains the main attractions of the city. Duomo Cathedral, Vittorio Emanuele Gallery and the Royal Palace. The cathedral, which began construction in the XIV century, was built in the Gothic style, completely made of white marble and is a symbol of the Catholic faith for Italy. It takes the 4th place in height in the world.
The Colosseum is the most grandiose building of Ancient Rome. For more than 400 years, the amphitheater has served as a central prestigious venue for entertainment. There were gladiatorial fights, reconstructions of historical battles, fights with wild animals, executions, naval battles and theatrical performances based on ancient Greek myths. The idea of its construction belongs to the Roman ruler Vaspasian. The amphitheater was built and opened in 80 BC and accommodated up to 80 thousand spectators.
The Pantheon is a legacy of the ancient Roman empire. The temple of the ancient Greek gods later became a Catholic cathedral. The unique building is covered with a huge dome made using special technology of special plates with recesses. Their weight decreases as they rise. In the center of the dome is a nine-meter hole through which light and air enter the temple. The construction dates back to the 2nd century AD. The height of the structure is 42 meters, which is almost equal to its width. Later, the famous temple became the burial place of great people.
Scrovegni Chapel. The frescoes that adorn the chapel are recognized as the greatest work of art. Performed by their stunning artist Giotto. In the days of Gothicism, no one could have imagined such a wall painting. It was a revolution in architecture. In his frescoes, Giotto tried to revive the biblical heroes and was the first to depict the birth of Jesus Christ. To preserve the drawings, the room maintains a certain temperature and humidity, so tourists are allowed inside for only 15 minutes and in small groups.
Royal Palace in Caserta. The size of the palace cannot but impress – it can be seen from afar. It was built in 1780 for the Bourbon dynasty, which later was often accused of a penchant for waste and gigantism. Its interiors contain the most luxurious decorations of the time. The creation of the project belongs to the Dutch architect Van Vitelli. The palace was built in the Baroque style, with a height of 5 floors and a capacity of 1,200 rooms. For comparison, the Hermitage has only 1,000 rooms. Each of the 1,200 rooms has its own style and something unusual. In addition, a bidet was first installed in this palace. When the country came together in 1861 and an inventory was made of the property, the bidet was described as “an obscure object in the shape of a guitar.” Thanks to unsurpassed luxury and color of interiors, such popular films as “Da Vinci Code”, “Mission Impossible” and “Angels and Demons” were filmed here.
Santa Maria del Fiere is a Gothic cathedral in Florence. The graceful and magnificent structure is an adornment of the city. During the construction of the cathedral, a unique technology was used without the use of forests, thanks to it it was possible to erect an octagonal dome. As planned by the architect, the dome itself served as a decoration, and it was not supposed to be painted. But later, the frescoes nevertheless appeared on the dome of Santa Maria del Fiere. The cathedral is characterized by a luxurious Gothic interior – you can see naves with lancet vaults, galleries, high walls with arches, decorated with pilasters, and an incredible marble floor. Over several days several sculptors worked at its creation.